Cereus (Cereus) - a genus of plants from the Cactus family. The name of this cactus "Cereus" literally translated from Latin means "wax candle". According to average data, the genus includes 48 species and many varieties. The native habitat of this plant is the countries of South America (Peru, Mexico), as well as India. In natural conditions, a plant such as Cereus is a giant (compared to humans). Most often, such cacti reach a height of 6 to 10 meters, but there are also those that grow up to 20 meters. Cereus are long-lived in the plant kingdom. Cereus is not capricious and not demanding to care for. Thanks to this, they can be grown quite easily at home. Since Cereus is very hardy, it is often chosen as a rootstock for capricious and delicate plant species of the cactus family. As a result of the vaccinations carried out by specialists, a large number of completely new species of cacti were born, which have a very spectacular and extremely beautiful appearance.
Conditions of maintenance and care:
Lighting: bright diffused lighting is recommended, cacti are placed on windowsills from the south or southeast side, where they receive the required amount of light, it is important that the plant does not get direct sunlight, which can be harmful.
Humidity: optimum humidity - medium or low, that is, a room with central heating is optimal, it is necessary to moisten the soil either early in the morning or at night to prevent burns of the trunk from the sun, the cactus does not need spraying, it reacts poorly to moisture, water droplets can cause to bloom and dark spots.
Temperature: for a cactus to develop and grow within normal limits, it needs a moderate air temperature, or rather within + 15- + 25 ° C, in the summer heat it will need protection from direct sunlight, if overheated, the plant can get burns and wrinkle, shading is necessary then, when the cactus is in a dry and unventilated place, with a constant supply of fresh air into the room, the plant does not need to be shaded, for the winter period for the cactus it is necessary to create conditions with a low temperature (about 10 ° C) and a long light period (at least 8 hours).
Watering: rare and moderate watering is recommended, which is carried out as the soil dehydrates and the soil dries out (watering depends on the condition of the soil, the season, the location of the cactus - the southern, western or eastern side), in the summer, watering is carried out approximately - once every 10 days, in the winter the plant " sleeps ", so watering is reduced to 1 time in 25 - 30 days, it is recommended to put a moisture measurement sensor in the soil, or a wooden stick, deepening it to a height that almost reaches the bottom (if the stick is wet, you do not need to water the plant), after watering you need the remaining Drain the water in the pan to prevent rotting of the root system, the main rule for succulents: it is better not to top up than to pour.
Transfer: it is necessary to transplant a cactus only when it becomes cramped in the pot, this procedure is carried out in the spring, adult cacti must be transplanted once every few years.
Reproduction: children (shoots), cuttings, seeds, grafting
- when breeding by children, it is necessary to immediately root the baby in the soil mixture, in no case deepening the root collar (leaf earth 1 part, sand 2 parts),
-when propagating by cuttings: it is necessary to cut off the upper part of the cactus, dry the cutting for several days and root it in the ground, just like a baby,
- when propagating by seeds, a container with holes on the bottom and a moist soil mixture is used, the seeds should lie on the surface, you do not need to sprinkle them, the container is covered with a film and placed in a warm, lighted place, not forgetting to ventilate and moisten the soil mixture.
It is interesting:
- in the old days, the cactus in the house protected housing and its owners from thieves and other troubles, and this is why the plant was placed on the windowsills and near the front doors,
- if a cactus has blossomed, soon you can expect some very important event, for example: marriage, conception of a child, moving, birth of a baby, etc.
Precautions: not poisonous, but with individual intolerance it can cause allergic reactions, the main trouble for cactus owners is its thorns, which can severely prick the skin, provoking abscesses, but there are certain types of cacti that contain hallucinogens (for example, richocerus) that cause an effect similar to the drug LSD (paralysis of the nervous system).
Beneficial features: the most common advantage of this plant is its antibacterial effect, with a cactus it is able to destroy bacteria, pathogens and fungi, preparations based on cactus perfectly suppress inflammatory processes in the human body, and also have a positive effect on the reproductive system, cactus juice is used for rheumatism, and water and alcoholic extracts of this plant are used for hypotension and cardiovascular diseases.
What does Peruvian Cereus look like?
Cereus is one of the brightest representatives of the Cactus family. The succulent plant is distinguished by its large size, good frost resistance and fruitful growth. The plant reaches a height of 20 m. Its root system is considered powerful and dense, it develops very quickly. Often the succulent is called the Monstrous Cereus.
Peruvian Cereus in a pot
Sharp thorns are located along the entire length of the flower. Their length varies within 3 cm.The central spines are presented in the form of a thorn, their length reaches 10 cm.
The main types of cereus include:
- nocturnal cereus,
- Cereus Manga,
- spiral cereus,
- cerus azure,
- giant cereus.
- saguaro cereus,
- Cereus Yamakaru.
Important! Each variety of cactus culture requires specific growing conditions.
Cereus Peruvian: home care
Cereus cactus is a plant with good immunity. The speed and productivity of growth of the Peruvian cereus depend on caring for it at home. In order to correctly maintain a flower, you need to familiarize yourself with the rules for its watering, transplantation and reproduction.
The owner should be aware that cactus cereus can tolerate extreme temperature changes. It does well in extreme heat and moderate cold. In winter, a succulent plant can develop normally at temperatures between 8 and 12 degrees. In summer, the maximum indicators are kept at around 30 degrees.
For fruitful growth, the Cereus flower needs good air circulation, therefore, it must be periodically taken out to the balcony (for 2-3 days).
Cereus Peru loves good lighting, preferably natural. Gardeners are advised to display the plant in the lightest part of the house.
It is permissible to leave a cactus in direct sunlight during the summer. But here it is important not to overdo it, so that this does not lead to excessive dryness of the soil. Periodically, you will need to bring it into the house and protect it from exposure to ultraviolet rays.
Cereus cactus loves moderate watering. Excess and lack of moisture can adversely affect the growth and flowering of the plant.
Any actions with a cactus must be carried out with caution.
Active watering must be carried out in the summer, when there is intense heat.
- In the fall, the plant is watered 2 times less often.
- In winter, watering is completely stopped.
You need to give the root system a little rest so that it does not start to rot. Gardeners advise to water the cereus with cool and hard water. The earth should always be moderately moist.
Attention! Excess moisture can lead to rotting of the root system.
The Peruvian cactus tolerates an arid atmosphere and thrives in it. But an increase in the percentage of humidity in the room will never harm him.
Therefore, it is periodically necessary to spray the plant with liquid from a spray bottle or turn on automatic air humidifiers.
The plant grows well in acidic or neutral soil. Humus soil is not suitable for the full growth of a cactus.
If gardeners use ready-made mixtures for planting crops, it is better to add a little sand or grated brick to the solution.
During the growth and growing season, the crop needs intensive and regular feeding. For these purposes, it is recommended to use potash and organic fertilizers.
Specialty stores sell special liquid fertilizers for cactus species; during the growing season of the plant, you can use them.
When the flowering is over, you need to feed the cactus once, and then leave it alone until spring. No fertilization is required during wintering.
Attention! An overabundance of nutrients can lead to poor development of the root system, so it is important to always follow the measure.
Features of care during the rest period
The cactus plant blooms completely in mid to late September. At this time, experienced gardeners advise not to rearrange the succulent pot and not overload it with frequent watering.
Top dressing until the next cold weather can be completely excluded, but watering will need to be carried out at least once a month. This will contribute to the formation of new shoots.
Important! You can focus on the dryness of the soil. As soon as it becomes completely dry and begins to crack, you can water the flower abundantly with cool water.
The optimum temperature in winter for plant development is from 15 to 18 degrees Celsius. However, when the temperature rises to 25 degrees, the cereus will also feel good. You only need to periodically humidify the air in the room.
When and how it blooms
In the first year of growth, the shoots of the cereus have a bluish tint. The more time passes, the more they thicken and darken.
Flowering Cereus Peruvian
On the stem of the plant are areoles with thorns (5-6 pcs. In each). In April and May, the cactus begins to bloom. In place of the areoles, cream and yellow inflorescences appear. Their length can reach 16 cm. The leaves of the flowers are covered with barely noticeable scales, they have tubular petals.
As the flowers develop, they acquire a bright red hue. Blooming of buds is observed mainly at night. Further, fruits appear on the branches of the cactus. These are small round berries of a yellow or orange hue.
For reference! The fruits at their ripeness are considered edible - according to the reviews of those who have tried, they have a sweet taste and delicate aroma.
Reproduction must begin in mid-spring (late April or early May). The step-by-step process is as follows:
- A small container must be filled with sand, mixed with a small amount of earth.
- Plant the presoaked seed in prepared soil.
- Water the soil and leave the pot in a cool and well-ventilated area until spring.
- When the first shoots appear, the container with seeds will need to be moved to a more illuminated part of the house, while the temperature should be kept at around 20 degrees Celsius.
When thorns appear, even loose ones, it will be possible to make a dive. Further, the young succulent is looked after as an adult plant.
Cuttings are carried out at the beginning of summer. Better to navigate in mid-June. The procedure looks like this:
- Several young shoots are cut with a sharp disinfected knife.
- Prepared cuttings are cut into several parts.
- They are sent to a warm room for thorough drying.
- The pot is filled with loose soil, cuttings are placed in it, the plant is watered abundantly.
- Now it needs to be sent to a well-ventilated place to compact the root system.
Important! After a month, the plant can be planted in separate containers.
The number of transplants depends on the growth rate of the cactus breed. Usually the pot is changed once a year or two. The procedure is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Choose a larger pot, it must have sufficient depth.
- Place loose earth mixed with humus in a container.
- Plant a plant, water it abundantly, and place it in a well-consecrated part of the house.
After 3-4 days, the Cereus cactus can be fertilized with mineral dressings. Re-watering is done when the soil in the pot dries well. Excessive humidity can damage the root system of the plant culture.
Transplanting a cactus breed
Diseases and pests
Cereus Peruvian is considered a fairly resistant plant. But if the proper conditions of care are not followed, it can become infected with various diseases or the appearance of pests on it:
- Shield. These are insects that have a convex body. They appear in the springtime. The scabbard sticks to the shoots of the flower and sucks out its juices. If insects are not removed in a timely manner, the cactus may die.
- Mealybug. The parasite appears on the shoots of the plant and leaves a white coating on them. Over time, it leads to the destruction of the integrity of the stems and leaves, this is fraught with the death of the cereus.
- Spider mite. The insect appears on the trunk of the succulent. The tick leaves its web and red dots on it, which lead to the slow death of the culture.
With reduced immunity, the plant culture can get sick with fungal and bacterial infections. The presence of pathology can be determined by a change in the color range of the aboveground part, the appearance of brown spots on the trunk, the development of rot on individual shoots. In such cases, it is necessary to carry out preventive spraying and transplant the culture into a new pot with clean soil.
Signs and superstitions
Since ancient times, cacti have been considered energy helpers for people. Many esotericists believed that they have a very strong and powerful energy.
Cactus near the house
People believe that a cactus placed or planted at the doorstep will be able to protect the house and its inhabitants from trouble and burglars. It should be borne in mind that cacti love a kind and warm atmosphere in the family. Therefore, if quarrels and conflicts regularly occur at home, the beneficial effect from the flower may not be seen.
Peruvian Cereus is a cactus plant that is easy to care for and has good immunity. The flower requires regular watering and feeding only during the active growing season, which greatly facilitates the growing process. Despite the unpretentiousness of the culture, one should not forget about the elementary rules of care in order to prevent the development of diseases.
- 1 Identification
- 1.1 Similar Species
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Taxonomy
- 3.1 Subspecies
- 4 Habitat
- 5 Behavior
- 5.1 Breeding
- 5.2 Vocalisations
- 6 References
- 7 Recommended Citation
- 8 External Links
Cereus peruvian - monstrous form (Cereus peruvianus Monstrosus)
The second name is rocky cereus... It is the most common type of monstrous cactus and is an example of a natural anomaly caused by a disturbance in the normal growth of a cactus.
Peruvian Cereus with a monstrous form is a fast-growing, unpretentious plant, in nature reaching 5-6 meters in height and capable of growing 5 or more meters in diameter. Light green, with a bluish tinge, the stems form bizarre and unique growths of individual tubercles, outgrowths and fragments of ribs, resembling a rock in their appearance. On ribs and tubercles areola with spiny or needle-shaped spines of brown color.
The species is popular as a potted plant and is often used as a rootstock.At home, the Peruvian cereus never blooms and propagates exclusively by rooting stem cuttings.
In a pot culture, this plant is up to 1.5 m tall and in order to grow it you need:
- plant in a spacious pot with nutritious potting soil,
- place in a sunny and warm place,
- water abundantly during the growth period,
- keep warm in winter.
Growing Peruvian Cereus in a Pot
In a pot culture, the plant grows rapidly. Cereus Peruvian prefers growing in a soil mixture consisting of turf, leaf, peat soil and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1, respectively, with the addition of fine brick chips.
Peruvian cereus cactus in the photo at home.
The pot should be suitable for the size of the root system and not too spacious. In the warm season, the cactus needs regular moderate watering, but without waterlogging and placement in a sunny place, preferably in the fresh air, at a temperature of + 20-25 ° С. By winter, watering is gradually reduced to a minimum (3-4 times a month), and the temperature of the content must be lowered to + 10-12 ° C.
Cereus propagates by seeds or stem cuttings in early spring.
Cereus Peruvian: houseplant care
The plant is unpretentious, but the Peruvian Cereus prefers care with regular feeding (once every 7-10 days) with special fertilizers for cacti from late spring to mid-summer. It is obligatory to transplant into a larger container young plants (up to 3 years old) annually, adults 1 time in 2-3 years, otherwise the growth will slow down and the plant is deformed. The top layer of soil in a pot should be loosened 1-2 times a month and mulched.
The cactus is resistant to dry air, but regular spraying will benefit the plant.
To prevent disease and infection with parasites, it is recommended to treat the plant with a systemic insecticide once every 1.5-2 months.
Differs from Yellowish Pipit in that Peruvian has a clearer whitish supercilium and whitish (not yellowish) underparts. Peruvian also has slightly broader, more diffuse dark streaks on its upper breast, lacking buff fringes, and extending onto flanks. Peruvian has longer wings but shorter tail and very different song and call (see below).
Temperate grassland, seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, and pastureland. Often near water.
They display by flying up singing a very low song and, when they get to the apex of the flight, comes down with open wings (like a parachute) and emits a buzzing sound that gives them the Portuguese name, "Walking-buzzer".
Call a dry chit-it vs chu-ee in similar Yellowish Pipit. Song is a rather long series of short notes given at regular pace, followed by a strange drawn-out buzzy or sizzling note often ending with a short high-pitched note. Similar Yellowish Pipit typically gives only 1–3 short notes followed by a very nasal buzz descending in pitch.