Bird Families

Kazakhstan returned to the green zone for coronavirus

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Thymelia, or shrubs - small and medium-sized birds (length 9-30 cm, several species are slightly larger), resembling warblers, blackbirds, jays in appearance. Distributed in the tropics of the Old World: Africa, South Asia, Oceania, Australia, not in New Zealand. They are found mainly in thickets of bushes and in forests of various types in the mountains and on the plains.
The shape and size of the beak varies greatly: the majority have an elongated, strong, pointed beak, in some species it is very long, thin, strongly curved downward. Usually there is a small hook at the end of the beak, and in front of it is a subtle notch. Nostrils open or half-covered with bristles and feathers. There are stiff bristles in the corners of the mouth. The wings are short, rounded. There are 10 primary flight feathers, the first flight feather is short and does not extend beyond the apex of the coverts of the brush, the length of the first flight feather is 5 - 8 mm, the wing apex is formed by the third, fourth and fifth flight feathers. The legs are strong, rather long. The fingers are strong, in some species they are short. The back toe is approximately equal to the inner one. Nails are strong, not elongated. Tail of 12 tail feathers, outer tail feathers equal to only about half the length of middle tail feathers. In the overwhelming majority of species, it is longer than the wing, distinctly stepped with a rounded apex. Few species have a short tail. Plumage thick, soft, rather loose. Coloration usually brownish, often streaked, bright in a few species. The beak is yellow. Rarely are crests, brightly colored areas of bare skin on the head, etc. Males and females have a similar color. Molting once a year, in autumn, the young completely replace plumage in the first autumn of their life.
Lead arboreal and terrestrial lifestyle. They keep in reed thickets. Very mobile and lively, noisy birds. They fly reluctantly, the flight is mediocre. Vote - more often a simple whistle. Few kinds are good singers. Nests are open, clutch in late spring, in May, of 5-6 variegated eggs, second clutch in second half of summer. Nest loose, bowl-shaped, located low above the ground in dense branches of a bush or tree, less often on the ground among thick grass. In clutch there are 2-6 eggs, one-color white, bluish or variegated. Both partners incubate and feed the chicks. Outside the breeding season, they keep in small flocks. Sedentary or nomadic for short distances. They feed in crowns and, more often, on the ground. Almost omnivorous, eating seeds, small fruits, various invertebrates. Few species are exclusively insectivorous.
Center of originapparently South Asia. On the territory of the CIS in the southern regions of Central Asia one species nests - striped shrub Garrulax lineatus (Vig.).

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