Bird Families

Birds of open and near-water spaces of the USSR

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Small, dimly colored birds are inhabitants of open landscapes.

The wings are long and wide. Many larks are characterized by a fluttering flight while singing. There are 14 species in the fauna of the USSR.

270. Desert Lark - Ammonanes deserti

270. Desert Lark - Ammonanes deserti.


270. Desert Lark - Ammonanes deserti

Slightly smaller than a starling. The plumage is clay-gray with a pinkish tinge. The ventral side is lighter, dark streaks on the chest. A resident and nomadic bird. Inhabits the desert foothill hills of the south of Central Asia. Voice - chirping and whistling. Masonry on the territory of the USSR is not described.

Differs in a monochromatic pinkish color.

271. Steppe Lark - Melanocorypha calandra

271. Steppe Lark - Melanocorypha calandra.


271. Steppe Lark - Melanocorypha calandra

The size of a starling. The dorsal side is brownish-gray with dark streaks, the ventral side is white. On the goiter there is a black collar, often interrupted in the middle.

Wandering bird. Inhabits the south of the forest-steppe zone and steppe from Moldova to the Ili River in the east. Nest is built on the ground. In clutch there are 4-6 off-white eggs with brown specks. The voice is a set of loud sonorous trills. A characteristic difference is the absence of a red color in the plumage, a white stripe along the trailing edge of the wing.

272. Two-spotted Lark - Melanocorypha bimaculata

272. Two-spotted lark - Melanocorypha bimaculata.


272. Two-spotted Lark - Melanocorypha bimaculata

273. Mongolian Lark - Melanocorypha mongolica

273. Mongolian Lark - Melanocorypha mongolica.


273. Mongolian Lark - Melanocorypha mongolica

274. White-winged Lark - Melanocorypha leucoptera

274. White-winged lark - Melanocorypha leucoptera.


274. White-winged Lark - Melanocorypha leucoptera

The size of a starling. There are no black spots on the neck like the Mongolian lark. Migratory and nomadic bird. Inhabits wormwood and fescue steppes, salt marshes. Nest is built on the ground. In clutch there are 4-6 greenish or yellowish eggs with brown specks. The voice is a trill, sometimes imitating the voices of other birds.

The main difference is the absence of dark spots on the neck.

275. Black Lark - Melanocorypha yeltoniensis

275. Black Lark - Melanocorypha yeltoniensis.


275. Black Lark - Melanocorypha yeltoniensis

The size of a starling. All plumage is black. Wandering bird. Inhabits dry wormwood, feather-grass fescue steppes and salt marshes. Nest is built on the ground. In clutch there are 4-5 pale-buffy eggs with brown specks. Voice - a set of trills and imitation of the voices of other birds.

It differs from other larks in the dark color of the plumage.

276. Lesser Lark - Calandrella cinerea

276. Lesser Lark - Calandrella cinerea.


276. Lesser Lark - Calandrella cinerea

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is ocher-gray with dark streaks, the abdomen is whitish with an ocher bloom. Migrant. Inhabits dry steppes in mountainous regions of Central Asia, Southwestern Tien Shan, Pamir-Alai. Nest is built on the ground. In clutch there are 4-5 whitish eggs with dark specks. The voice is a set of short chirps.

It is very difficult to distinguish from gray and slender-billed larks.

277. Gray Lark - Calandrella rufescens

277. Gray Lark - Calandrella rufescens.


277. Gray Lark - Calandrella rufescens

The size of a sparrow. It resembles a lesser lark, but there are slight streaks on the chest.

Migrant. Inhabits dry steppes and semi-deserts from Southern Ukraine to South-Eastern Transbaikalia. Nest is built on the ground. In clutch there are 4-5 whitish eggs with brown spots. The voice is a series of short chirps and trills.

It is very difficult to distinguish from small and thin-billed larks.

278. Crested Lark - Galerida cristata

278. Crested Lark - Galerida cristata.


278. Crested Lark - Galerida cristata

Slightly smaller than a starling. The back is clayey gray with dark longitudinal spots. The ventral side is whitish with an ocher bloom. The underside of the wing is buffy. There is a long crest on the head.

A resident bird. Inhabits the outskirts of settlements, pastures, and the sides of fields from the European part of the USSR to Central Asia. Nest is built on the ground. In clutch there are 3-5 whitish eggs with dark spots. Voice - melodic quiet trills.

Easily identified by a well-visible crest on the head.

279. Wood Lark - Lullula arborea

279. Forest Lark - Lullula arborea.


279. Wood Lark - Lullula arborea

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is reddish-brown with dark longitudinal streaks. The ventral side is white with longitudinal streaks. There is a small crest on the head.

Migrant. Inhabits forest glades and forest edges in the European part of the USSR.

Nest is built on the ground.In clutch there are 5-6 white eggs with brownish spots. The voice is a sonorous, melodic trill "yuli-yuli-yuli-yuli-yuli-yuli-yulyu".

The defining features are color and crest.

280. Lark - Alauda arvensis

280. Lark - Alauda arvensis.


280. Lark - Alauda arvensis

Slightly larger than a sparrow. The dorsal side of the body is brownish-buffy, longitudinal streaks on the head and back. The ventral side is whitish, with a reddish bloom. There are light stripes on the sides of the tail.

Migrant. Inhabits fields, steppes and meadows from the western borders of the country to Kamchatka. Nest is built on the ground. The clutch contains 4-5 grayish or reddish eggs with dark spots. Voice - ringing trills.

It differs from the crested lark in the absence of a long tuft on its head.

281. Horned Lark - Eremophila alpestris

281. Horned Lark - Eremophila alpestris.


281. Horned Lark - Eremophila alpestris

Larger than a sparrow. The upper part of the body is pinkish-gray, the underparts are white. Across the head from above, through the eye to the ear and across the goiter, black stripes. Black feathers - "horns" stick out on the sides of the head.

A resident and nomadic bird. Inhabits rocky tundra from the Kola Peninsula to the mouth of the Kolyma, as well as the alpine belt of mountains in the south of the USSR. Nest is built on the ground. Clutch contains 3-5 off-white eggs with dark spots. The voice is a quiet pleasant whistle. It is easily identified by the noticeable "horns" on the head.

Common dipper

7. Common dipper - Cinclus cinclus L.

IN. From a starling. OP. The brown dipper has a monochromatic dark brown color with a reddish tinge. The common dipper is brown, its throat and chest are white. In another form of the common dipper, the white-bellied dipper, the underside of the body is entirely white. Young birds are whitish underneath with dark streaks. They keep by the water. They fly hard, low above the water. Often they dive, run along the bottom, swim, helping themselves with short wings. Sitting on wet stones, they twitch their short tail raised upwards and squat. G. Loud dzit-dzit. The song is a sonorous beautiful trill. From. They differ from other semi-aquatic birds by their characteristic behavior. B. Fast and transparent rivers. HP. Sedentary birds. Mr. The nest, a massive structure made of moss, is placed under the rocks and stones overhanging the water. Often the nest is designed so that you can get into it only by flying through the water. Clutch contains 4-6 white eggs.

8. Brown Dipper.

9. Brown Dipper (young).

See also other dictionaries:

Melanocorypha - Kalanderlerche (Melanocorypha calandra) vorne Systematik Klasse: Vögel (Aves) Ordnung… Deutsch Wikipedia

Melanocorypha - Alouettes du genre Melanocorypha ... Wikipédia en Français

Melanocorypha - Calandra Lark Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia… Wikipedia

Melanocorypha - Melanocorypha ... Wikipedia Español

Melanocorypha - Alouette calandre (Melanocorypha calandra) ... Wikipédia en Français

Melanocorypha - stepiniai vieversiai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Melanocorypha rus. steppe lark, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas - vieversiniai siauresnis terminas - baltasparnis stepinis vieversys siauresnis terminas - dvidėmis ... ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Melanocorypha calandra - Alouette calandre Alouette calandre ... Wikipédia en Français

Melanocorypha calandra - Calandria común… Wikipedia Español

Melanocorypha leucoptera - Melanocorypha leucoptera ... Wikipedia Español

Melanocorypha calandra - Kalanderlerche Kalanderlerche (Melanocorypha calandra) vorne Systematik Ordnung: Sperlingsvögel (Passeriformes) ... Deutsch Wikipedia

Melanocorypha bimaculata - Bergkalanderlerche Systematik Klasse: Vögel (Aves) Ordnung: Sperlingsvögel (Passeriformes) Unterordnung: Singvögel (Passeri)… Deutsch Wikipedia

Definition of "Two-spotted lark (melanocorypha bimaculata menelrie.)" In EBNB

In Kazakhstan, it inhabits the entire desert zone, only in places it penetrates into the semi-desert zone, up to about 47 parallel. Winters in Africa and southern Asia, up to the southern regions of Central

Asia. In deserts, especially on dense soils, it is in some places the third bird after the lesser and gray larks.

At first sight two-spotted lark is a complete copy of the steppe. However, with such a large similarity, there are still differences, and with a certain skill, these birds can be easily recognized. The two-spotted lark is shorter-tailed, it has no white hind edge of the wing and no white outer tail feathers, but each tail feather has a round white spot at the end. No other lark has such a tail.

In all other respects it is very similar to the steppe one, only the song is weaker, moreover, the two-spotted one sings more often on the ground. Nutrition, reproduction, and even the arrival and departure times are the same.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send