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Reference ID: # deeabce0-808a-11eb-891b-1377c128cb42
Calibrachoa is a member of the nightshade family, along with its closest relative, the petunia. However, until 1990, the plant was considered one of the varieties of petunias. Ampel calibrachoa has powerful stems, stiff in its lower part, as well as long shoots. The length of the stems sometimes reaches one and a half meters. The spherical crown is abundantly covered with small buds.
The flower itself is only 3 centimeters in diameter, and its center is always colored yellow or brown. The classic color of the petals is purple, but thanks to breeders, this parameter may be different. The leaves are rather narrow, elongated and covered with the same fluff as the stems. The hairs are short, but do not differ in density. Their length ranges from 3 to 4 centimeters, and their width hardly reaches 1 centimeter.
Calibrachoa is an annual.
How is it different from petunia?
Calibrachoa is often marketed as ampelous petunia, but it has now been proven to be completely different plants. To establish who is who, it is enough to carefully examine the bush. The size of the buds in calibrachoa is small, while in petunias, as a rule, much larger. The pharynx at the base of the corolla in the first case is always painted in a rich yellowish tint, while in petunia it may differ.
The most important thing is to study the condition of the sheets. In calibrachoa, they are very small and fluffy. Finally, it's worth comparing the stem. In petunia, it is flexible and herbaceous, while in another plant it most likely resembles a wooden trunk.
Due to the relative unpretentiousness of the plant, gardeners have the opportunity to grow numerous varieties of it on their plots. Among gardeners, it is customary to distinguish certain varieties of a given flower.
- Kablum it is distinguished by its bright blue color and one and a half meter height of the plant itself. Babies, as a rule, grow up with an even richer shade, reaching purple, and a larger size of the buds themselves.
- "Million Bells" unites 18 varieties, characterized by the presence of miniature buds of various shades.
- Calibrachoa Noah differs from the rest in unusual flowers, painted in several shades of the native tone. The plant is grown, as a rule, in shady places with high humidity.
- Chameleon is partially terry and is color-changing.
- Calibrachoa Kalita blooms throughout the summer months in various colors.
- Terry calibrachoa is not often used among gardeners due to its finicky care. However, her blooming appearance is in no way inferior to other "relatives".
The most popular varieties include Crave strawberry star, Aloha double orange, Bloomtastic lavender quartz, Bloomtastic rose quartz, Cherry star, Hula gold, Chameleon blueberry scone, Aloha double citric, Colibri Cherry Lace.
Planting and breeding
Calibrachoa at home propagates both by seeds and cuttings. To plant such beauty on your balcony, you can purchase seedlings.
It is much more convenient to buy calibrachoa in the form of seedlings for those who first encounter this plant, since you can immediately see what the flowers will be, and the health of the bush, and many other parameters.
The best place to plant or place flowers would be a sunny, warm area, but no sun or intense heat. As they say about calibrachoa, gardeners' reviews, with a very aggressive sun, the flower quickly dies, dries up completely, and it is no longer possible to reanimate it.
Therefore, if the place where will be planted calibrachoa seedlings some part of the day is under the scorching rays, then at this time the flowers need to be covered or blocked.
It is also necessary to take into account that a strong wind can break off the branches of a flower and pick out the flowers themselves. Therefore, plants should not be placed in very windy places.
For planting calibrachoa any vegetable "dish" will do, but keep in mind that one plant needs at least 3-4 liters of soil.
When planting flowers in open ground, the distance between the bushes should be at least 40-50 cm. As for the soil, a ready-made soil mixture for abundantly flowering perennial plants will suit the flower perfectly.
The flower propagates both by seeds and cuttings. But, planting and growing calibrachoa from seed - this is always a lottery, since the plant does not repeat the qualities of the parent, even the color may be different. Therefore, gardeners prefer to propagate flowers by cuttings or simply by dividing one bush into several.
As for purchased seeds, mainly Dutch hybrid varieties are presented, and they must be germinated first. The ideal option would be to plant in a peat pot in March - April, so that in May the plant could already take its place in the flower garden.
The flowers cannot stand the cold, they need to winter at a temperature of 5 to 10 degrees, cuttings cut in the fall and planted, separated bushes should be kept at the same temperature.
Photo of calibrachoa flowers look amazing, and every florist immediately wants to have such beauty in his flower garden. But, calibrachoa cultivation requires some care:
- The plant does not like damp soil, this is the case when it is better not to top up than to pour. But the calibrachoa water shower - loves. You need to spray the flower several times a day, at least 4 times.
- During flowering, that is, throughout the season, calibrachoa needs additional fertilizing and fertilization - ready-made mixtures for abundantly flowering plants are ideal. If desired, feeding can be done independently - the main thing is that it contains potassium and phosphorus. Fertilizer should be applied at least once a week.
- Withered flowers must be constantly cut off so that new ones bloom in their place. In the middle of summer, you can prune the stems to make the flower fluffier.
- The flower must be allowed to winter in the house, the temperature below 5 degrees can kill the plant. Those calibrachoa flowers, which grow in the garden, in the open ground, for the winter are covered with a kind of greenhouses, turf and peat plates.
Flowers are susceptible to diseases such as rot and fungal infections, so you need to inspect them very carefully every time you water and remove dead flowers. Usually, diseases are caused by excessively moist soil.
Species and varieties of calibrachoa
If we talk about the species orientation, then the growers themselves divide the varieties of these plants into simple and terry. In fact, there are a lot of varieties, but calibrachoa color limited only by the imagination of breeders. By the way, the natural shade of her flowers is purple. The most popular varieties of this plant are:
- Calibrachoa Kablum
Bright blue flowers of all shades of color characterize this variety. The Kablum group of varieties is the very first results of the work of European breeders with this plant. They have miniature sizes, 35-40 cm in height and very good seed germination. However, seeds harvested from the parent plant tend to produce rich purple blooms and are larger in size.
- Mini Famous Double Pink
This is a terry representative of calibrachoa, relatively small, the length of the branches with flowers reaches 60-70 cm. The flowers are very voluminous, 3-4 cm in diameter, in all shades of pink.
There are fewer flowers themselves than on the "non-frizzy" varieties, but the plant looks more interesting outwardly. The abundance of bright leaves separates the flowers from each other, not allowing them to visually merge into one pink armful.
Terry hybrids have one feature - calibrachoa cuttings such varieties take root instantly, and in order for them to start up the roots, it is enough to put in a glass of water for a couple of days, just like a room Tradescantia.
This is a group of varieties, which includes eight varieties of plants with large flowers in all shades of yellow, orange, red and burgundy, a diameter of 2.5-3.5 cm. There are very few leaves, and the length of the branches reaches a meter, but they are usually pruned.
The flowering is very abundant and early, these varieties will bloom in early May. They are resistant to weather extremes and recover quickly after "hitting" precipitation, hail or heavy cold rain. Usually they are planted, alternating with white petunias, this contrast looks very impressive.
A group of French-Dutch varieties, which includes 12 items. If a gardener wants to have a flowerpot with a cascade of endless snow-white flowers, similar to bells, then the Cabaret variety is needed. White species are the stars of this group, however, there are varieties with a combined color, pale purple, blood red and other shades.
The length of the branches with flowers is large, 90-170 cm, however, as a rule, they are pruned. These flowers are ideal for creating living arches, and they are often used in the decoration of outdoor wedding tents.
A very romantic and elegant series developed by a British breeder. There are 6 varieties, distinguished by color, ranging from white to transparent purple.
The flowers have a middle marked with a pair of shade tones and the same longitudinal stripes on elongated petals. The length of the flower-bearing branches is from 50 cm and more.
The flower is delicate and capricious, but, unlike its relatives, it tolerates light shade and a slight excess of moisture well. In the second year, it makes no sense to leave it for the winter, since the flowering will be extremely scarce. It reproduces very well by dividing the bush.
Although it is permissible to grow in tubs, boxes and just outdoors in the garden, but calibrachoa – ampelous plant, that is, ideal looking and growing in suspended structures. It is quite simple to grow a plant, the main thing is not to water it too often, do not forget to spray and fertilize.
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